Reports and Publications


ESCAP produces a number of publications each year examining the breadth and implications of economic and social policy making in the Asia and Pacific region. The Countries with Special Needs Development Report is the annual flagship publication. Other analytical products such as working papers, policy briefs and information materials are available to download.


Developing renewable energy in Pacific small island developing States

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Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2015: Building productive capacities to overcome structural challenges

thumbnail_pic The report in 2015 entitled “Building productive capacities to overcome structural challenges”, provides a review of the status, challenges and prospects of these countries. It also analyses the role of economic diversification in reducing the vulnerability of these countries, through reducing export concentration, creating jobs, raising GDP and securing competitive advantages within product niches. It identifies policy options in promoting potential new sectors, products and markets for successful diversification, enabling the development of new capabilities and easing their structural bottlenecks.

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Financing strategies for LDCs graduation in Asia and the Pacific: Key sources, trends and prospects

thumbnail_pic The United Nations recognizes that productivity capacity building is the key for self-sustained growth and graduation of LDCs in Asia and the Pacific. To achieve this objective, substantial financing must be mobilized to invest in infrastructure, social development and climate changechallenges. Despite the significant progresses made by the Asia-Pacific LDCs in restoring macroeconomic stability, deepening the banking sector and attracting FDI and remittances, for many, fiscal spaces remain narrow and financial markets largely inefficient and undiversified. An ambitious financing strategy would be needed to close the financing gap for graduation and to promote sustainable development, which includes strengthening of fiscal space, financial intermediation and exploring innovative financing mechanisms such as blended finance, promoting new form of development partnership and climate finance. In particular, the paper shows that an estimated total of $19 billion could be raised annually by the Asia-Pacific LDCs through targeted efforts to broaden tax bases, create enabling environment for FDI and reduce transaction costs of remittances, among others. An additional USD $15 billion could further be raised if DAC members fulfil their commitment of contributing 0.15-0.20 per cent of GNI for LDCs development.

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Policies for balanced development of LDCs

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Accelerating MDGs achievement in Asia and the Pacific: the role of public expenditure

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Building productive capacities: Challenges and opportunities for Least Developed Countries

thumbnail_pic Building productive capacities is a top priority for least developed countries to promote development and graduate from the status of least developed country. This paper discusses the challenges and the opportunities for these countries to build their productive capacities. It argues that the main challenge is to manage the long-term effects of the increase in the terms of trade of commodities and reduction of terms of trade of manufactures, which threaten their growth trajectory. The paper presents a method to identify the opportunities for diversification that promotes the generation and acquisition of productive capacities. It also presents a list of potential new products and export markets that could be targeted by government and private sector for achieving higher long-term gains.

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