Reports and Publications


ESCAP produces a number of publications each year examining the breadth and implications of economic and social policy making in the Asia and Pacific region. The Countries with Special Needs Development Report is the annual flagship publication. Other analytical products such as working papers, policy briefs and information materials are available to download.


Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2018: Sustainable development and sustaining peace

thumbnail_pic The 2018 report entitled “Sustainable development and sustaining peace” explores the multidimensional links between peace and development. It argues that countries with special needs due to their structural impediments exhibit limited capacities to cope with shocks and are thus more vulnerable to the impacts of conflict. Given the multidimensional nature of the causes and impacts of conflict, the report discusses the alignment between the integrated approach to development presented by the SDGs and the fundamental building blocks for durable peace. Essentially “there can be no peace without sustainable development, and no sustainable development without peace.”

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Fostering Peaceful Sustainable Development in the Pacific under the 2030 Agenda

thumbnail_pic Often characterised as a region of relative peace due to the absence of inter-state conflicts, the Pacific island region is not immune to violent conflict. Episodes of violence, political unrest and instability have hampered development; a ‘business as usual’ approach to development does not guarantee that the Pacific will remain peaceful in the future. The link between peace and development is a central tenet of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) acknowledging the inter-connectedness between the drivers of poverty and conflict. This presents an opportunity to integrate and expand on traditional concepts of development and security. A holistic consideration of the social, economic, environmental and governance factors underpinning peaceful and prosperous societies sits at the heart of this transformation. Political and policy responses can either pave the way for peace and development—or build up tensions and, eventually, trigger conflict.

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The nexus between peace and sustainable development in Asia-Pacific countries with special needs

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Natural resource management for conflict risk mitigation

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Financing for peace in countries with special needs

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Water Security in Central Asia and the Caucasus – A Key to Peace and Sustainable Development

thumbnail_pic This paper aims at understanding the root causes of water conflict in Central Asia, and the role of water in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in the Caucasus. It attempts to shed light at the complex nature of water security, and its importance in the states’ security and sustainable development. The paper suggests that given a cross-cutting nature of water resources, there should be a more holistic approach to understanding the drivers of water conflict in both sub-regions, and to finding the ways for its resolution. A number of recommendations have been provided that may be utilized for addressing the complexity of water conflicts and to help in establishing a mutually beneficial cooperation between states.

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